This model is used to identify the major variables in OB and to show how they relate to one another.
The letters S-O-B-C stands for Stimulus-Organism-Behaviour-Consequences respectively Framework of this model is based on social learning.
OB model says that internal cognition (O) lead to behaviour (B) S-B-C model emphasizes the need to identify observable contingencies (S and C) for the prediction and control of behaviour (B) S-O-B-C is the expanded model which recognizes the interactive nature of the environment (S and C) the person’s cognition (O) and the behaviour itself (B) in the determining behaviour.
According to this model causes for the behaviour, the behaviour itself and the effects of the behaviour can be observable or non-observable. S-O-B-C model does not abandon the emphasis on behaviour, it merely expands the group of variables to include cognitive processes and observable (covert) and non-observable (overt) behaviours.
Thus S-O-B-C model is an electric modei taken from both cognitive and behaviouristic approaches, but it is based mainly on the new social learning approach. This model can perhaps best meet the goals of organizational behaviour.
The S-0 portion deals with understanding and the B-C portion deals with prediction and control.
If the organizational situation is substituted for S, the organizational participant is substituted for O and the dynamics and applications are put into C, the model can serve as conceptual framework for the study of OB.