What is the Good Governance Index (GGI)?
It is a tool to assess the status of governance and the impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.
The objectives of GGI are:
- To provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs.
- To enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance.
- To shift to result-oriented approaches and administration.
How is the GGI calculated?
The GGI takes into consideration 10 sectors — agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, human resource development, public health, public infrastructure and utilities, economic governance, social welfare & development, judicial and public security, environment and citizen-centric governance.
- These 10 governance sectors are further measured on a total of 50 indicators. These indicators are given different weightage under one governance sector to calculate the value.
The states and UTs are divided into three groups — big states, north-east and hill states, and Union territories.
Key Findings of the first GGI Report:
- Top performers among the big states: Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. The bottom six states are Odisha, Bihar, Goa, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.
- Among the North-East & Hill States: Top 3 states are Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Tripura. The bottom 3 states are Meghalaya, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.
- Pondicherry leads among the UTs followed closely by Chandigarh with Delhi bagging the third spot. Lakshadweep is at the bottom among the UTs.
- Sector-wise ranking: In the environment sector:
- The top three states are West Bengal, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
- The bottom 3 states are Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Goa.
- Judicial and public security ranking: West Bengal is at the bottom two in the judicial and public security ranking. Tamil Nadu tops the chart here.
- Economic governance: Karnataka is at the top under the economic governance category.
- Health: Kerala is at the top in the public health sector.