About Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya

The Prime Minister of India paid tribute to Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya on his 158th birth anniversary (25th December, 2019).

  1. Madan Mohan Malviya popularized the term ‘Satyamev Jayate’. Though he did not coin it, and the phrase originally belongs to the Mundaka Upanishad. The term now is the national motto of India.
  2. Malviya is the founder of one of Asia’s biggest residential Universities: the Banaras Hindu University.
  3. The man served as the president of Congress committee for as much as 4 times.
  4. Madan Mohan Malviya started his career as a teacher in Allahabad District school.
  5. He also served as the chairman of the board of Hindustan times and facilitated the launch of its Hindi edition. He was an avid writer and journalist, he launched multiple Hindi and English language magazines and newspapers.
  6. He was given the title of ‘Mahamana’ by Mahatma Gandhi and the second President of India, Radhakrishnan gave him the status of a ‘Karmayogi’.
  7. Devnagri was introduced in the British-Indian courts because of Malviya’s efforts with the British government. This is still considered as one of his greatest achievements.
  8. Madan Mohan Malviya was expelled from the Brahmin community for expressing his views on caste discrimination and Brahmanical patriarchy.
  9. He was a Hindu nationalist who worked immensely for Hindu-Muslim unity. He is known to have given famous speeches on communal harmony. Here is an excerpt from his presidential address at the INC Calcutta session 1933:
  10. Madan Mohan Malviya worked as a lawyer at Allahabad high court and is known to have saved 153 accused from the infamous case of Chauri Chaura riots in Gorakhpur. Mahatma Gandhi had to suspend his civil disobedience over the riots.
  11. He conceived the idea of Boy Scouts in India and became one of the founders of scouting in India. He founded the ‘Seva Samiti Scout Association’ in 1917 in Allahabad.
  12. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 2014.